When you have shares you own a part of a company and you can be involved in this company by making decisions or voting in the Annual General Meeting.
The assets of the company concerns its cash-in-hand, property like lands or buildings and the company's stock of raw materials and work-in-hand.
Shares have a nominal value, which were represented the asset value of the company. One type of shares are the non voting ones, these shares have the advantage to enjoy the benefits of other shares, but the holder has no vote in the company’s strategy.
While you own the shares, you receive any dividends that the company declares. Dividends are the way companies reward shareholders by making distributions of a portion of profits. If the company is doing badly or if the company needs to reinvest profits the directors may decide not to declare a dividend. Dividend cover measures the ability of a company to meet payments of a dividend out of earnings. It is the ratio of profits earned to dividends paid to shareholders.
The P/E (price to earnings) ratio measures how many years of earnings per share at the current share price would be needed to pay for the share.
The yield is expressed as a net percentage of the current share price.

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