A share in a company gives the investor a share in its dividend which is declared once or twice a year.Also a stake in the company's proportional to the size of the investor's holding.
The assets of the company comprise its cash-in-hand, property and the company's stock of raw materials and work-in-hand.
Most shares have a nominal value The total of the nominal sum of all the issued shares is the issued share capital of the company. The shares of a company are also known as its equity or stock.There are in existence some non-voting shares,these shares normally enjoy most of the benefits of other shares, but the holder has no vote in the company's strategy.These non-voting shares are unpopular with major investors.
The dividend of the company is that proportion of its profits paid to its owners, the shareholders.The number of times that a company could have paid its net dividend is the cover of the dividend.
The company's profits are known as its earnings. When the earnings are divided by the number of shares in existence, we get the earnings per share.Not all of the earnings are paid as dividend, so further years will be needed to repay the share price out of dividends.
The yield is typically expressed as a net percentage of the current share price.The yields in each country are usually lower than the interest which could be more safely obtained by investment in local bonds, or in the local equivalent of a building society.The lower return from shares reflects the growth potential of dividend payouts.

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