A share (also named equity or stock) is a financial tool which gives the shareholder a percentage of the company. And it also gives him the right of voting in the AGM (Annual General Meeting), except for some non-voting shares issued by some companies to keep its control but nowadays their are disappearing.

The assets of the company include its cash-in-hand, property and the company´s stock of raw materials and work-in-hand.

The nominal value of shares is determined by stock market considering the company´s assets and its ability to make money.

The dividend of the company is the percentage of its profits given to the shareholders.
The company keeps the rest of the profits to encourage its growth and to balance bad years´dividends.
The number of times that a company has paid the net dividend is the cover of the dividend.

The P/E ratio measures how many years of earnings ( company´s profit) per share at the current share price would be needed to pay for the share.

The yield is a net percentage of the current share price. Usually Yields are lower than local bonds or local equivalent of a building society because the risk is lower but usually less profitable.

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