A share gives privileges to the shareholders like voting at its annual general meeting.
The assets of the company concern its cash-in-hand, property and the company's stock of raw materials and work-in-hand but it does´t concern its liabilities in the form of borrowings or payments to creditors.
A share have a nominal value, which is the real value of the company, but a share is sold in the market value and it represents both :the worth of the assets and their ability to make money.
The total of the nominal is the capital to the company.
It is known some non-voting zares, these kind of shares are like the others but the holder has no vote in the company's strategy but these shares are not popular for the major investors.
The dividend is what they have to pay you for having a share in a company, they divide the benefit.
The cover of the dividend is the number of times have to pay its net dividend.
The 'earnings per share' are the profits divided by the number of shares in the company.
The P/E (price to earnings) ratio says how long it takes to to pay for the share with earnings per share at the current share price. It is hoped that the earnings and dividends will rise each year, reducing the repayment time of the share price.
The yield is written as a net percentage of the current share price and in each country the yields are usually lower than the interest.

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